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Direct and Reported Speech

Direct and Reported Speech

Direct speech adalah kalimat langsung sedangkan reported speech adalah kalimat tidak langsung. Pastinya pembaca sudah pernah mendapatkan materi ini dalam pelajaran Bahasa Indonesia, bukan? Nah, bagaimana dengan penggunaan kalimat langsung dan tak langsung dalam Bahasa Inggris?

Lihat tabel berikut:

Direct SpeechReported Speech
Present Simple

He said,”I want to watch movie with you”

Past Simple

He said (that) he wanted to watch movie with him/her

Present Continuous

He said,”Jane is sleeping”

Past Continuous

He said (that) Jane was sleeping

Present Perfect

She said,”I’ve bought a new dress”

Past Perfect

She said (that) she had bought a new dress

Past Simple

Alex said,”I finished my homework

Past Perfect

Alex said (that) he had finished his homework

Will

She said,”I will always love Tom”

Would

She said (that) she would always love tom

Can

Tom said,”I can carry 50kg”

Could

Tom said (that) he could carry 50kg

May

Ben said,”It may rain”

Might

Ben said (that) it might rain

Must

He said,”Everybody must obey the rules

Had to

He said (that) everybody had to obey the rules

Have to

She said,”I have to go home”

Had to

She said (that) she had to go home

 

Nah, tabel diatas menunjukan bahwa dalam Bahasa Inggris, penggunaan kalimat tak langsung berubah dari segi tenses dan pronoun (kata ganti subjek). Mudah bukan?

Hope this will help you 🙂